Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2018, Page: 34-53
Review of GaN/ZnO Hybrid Structures Based Materials and Devices
Ahmed Mohammed Nahhas, Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Islamic Architecture, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
Received: May 10, 2018;       Accepted: May 28, 2018;       Published: Jun. 15, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.nano.20180602.11      View  1831      Downloads  346
This paper presents a review of recent advances of Gallium Nitride (GaN) and Zinc Oxide (ZnO) based hybrid structures materials and devices. GaN and ZnO have gained substantial interest in the research area of wide bandgap semiconductors due to their unique electrical, optical and structural properties. GaN and ZnO are important semiconductor materials with applications in blue and ultraviolet (UV) optoelectronics. Both materials have similar physical properties. GaN and ZnO as hybrid material have received much attention due to their unique potential applications. Several potential optical applications are being fabricated based on GaN and ZnO hybrid materials such as optical wave guide, light emitting diodes (LEDs), and laser diodes (LDs). The recent aspects of GaN and ZnO hybrid based devices are presented and discussed.
GaN, ZnO, Nanostructured, Hybrid, Light Emitting Diodes, Nanowires, Multiple Quantum Wells (MQW), UV
To cite this article
Ahmed Mohammed Nahhas, Review of GaN/ZnO Hybrid Structures Based Materials and Devices, American Journal of Nano Research and Applications. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2018, pp. 34-53. doi: 10.11648/j.nano.20180602.11
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B. Lee, E. Jung, Y. Nam, M. Jung, J. Park, S. Lee, H. Choi, S. Ko, N. Shin,Y. Kim, S. Kim, J. Kim, H. Shin, S. Cho, and M. Song, “Amine based polar solvent treatment for highly efficient inverted polymer solar cells,” Advanced 26, 494-500 (2014).
A. Nirmal, A. Kyaw, W. Jianxiong, K. Dev, X. Sun, and H. Demir, “Light trapping in inverted organic photovoltaics with nanoimprinted ZnO photonic crystals,” IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics 7, 545-549 (2017).
J. Young, J. Kim, J. Roh, H. Kim, and C. Lee, “Efficiency improvement of organic photovoltaics adopting Li- and Cd-doped ZnO electron extraction layers,” IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics 6, 930-933 (2016).
J. Jeong, S. Nam, H. Kim, and Y. Kim, “Inverted organic photodetectors with ZnO electron collecting buffer layers and polymer bulk heterojunction active layers,” IEEE Journal of selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 20, 1480-1482 (2014).
H. Kim, M. Ryu, J. Youn, A. Yusoff, and J. Jang, “Photomask effect in organic solar cells with ZnO cathode buffer layer,” IEEE Electronic Device Letters 33, 1480-1482 (2012).
M. Takada, S. Furuta, T. Kobayashi, T. Nagase, T. Shinagawa, M. Izaki, and H. Naito, “Inverted organic light-emitting diodes with an electrochemically deposited zinc oxide electron injection layer,” Journal of Applied Physics 120, 185501 (2016).
P. Biswas, S. Baek, S. Lee, J. Kim, J. Park, S. Lee, T. Lee, and J. Myoung, “Oxygen vacancy induced red light emission from flexible inorganic micropatterned p-CuO/n-ZnO heterojunction light emitting diode,” Applied Physics Letters 109, 171102 (2016).
T. Thao, D. Long, V. Truong, and N. Dinh, “Preparation and characterization of nanorod-like TiO2 and ZnO films used for charge transport buffer layers in P3HT based organic solar cells,” AIP Conference Proceedings 1763, 030002 (2016).
X. Guo, L. Tang, J. Xiang, R. Ji, K. Zhang, S. Lai, J. Zhao, J. Kong, and S. Lau, “Solution processable organic/inorganic hybrid ultraviolet photovoltaic detector,” AIP Advances 6, 055318 (2016).
A. Abliz, J. Wang, L. Xu, D. Wan, L. Liao, C. Ye, C. Liu, C. Jiang, H. Chen, and T. Guo, “Boost up the electrical performance of InGaZnO thin film transistors by inserting an ultrathin InGaZnO:H layer,” Applied Physics Letters 108, 213501 (2016).
N. Azhar, A. Shafura, I. Affendi, S. Shariffudin, I. Saurdi, S. Alrokayan, H. Khan, and M. Rusop, “Investigation of electrical and optical properties of MEH-PPV: ZnO nanocomposite films for OLED applications,” AIP Conference Proceedings 1733, 020044 (2016).
Y. Wu, C. Liao, P. Lee, Y. Liu, C. Liu, and C. Liu, “Organic/inorganic F8T2/GaN light emitting heterojunction,” Organic Electronics 49, 64-68 (2017).
M. Forsberg, E. Serban, E. Alexandra, C. Hsiao, M. Junaid, J. Birch, and G. Pozina, “Near band gap luminescence in hybrid organic-inorganic structures based on sputtered GaN nanorods,” Scientific Reports 7, 1-7 (2017).
P. Kumar, S. Guha, F. Shahedipour-Sandvik, and K. Narayan, “Hybrid n-GaN and polymer interfaces: Model systems for tunable photodiodes,” Organic Electronics 14, 2818-2825 (2013).
M. Shin, D. Gwona, C. Lee, G. Lee, I. Jeon, H. Ahn, S. Yi, and D. Ha, “Hybrid device based on GaN nanoneedles and MEH-PPV/PEDOT:PSS polymer,” Materials Research Bulletin 68, 326-330 (2015).
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